Since American Indians are now taxed, they are counted for purposes of apportionment.
Section 1 says that legislative power belongs to the Parliament. It is the most powerful part of government. Part II of Chapter 1 is about the Senate. Senators are to be "directly chosen by the people of the State", voting as a single electorate.
Each State is to have the same number of senators. Currently, there are 12 senators for each State, and 2 each for the mainland territories, the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory. Section 24 says the House must have twice as many members as the Senate, each elected by a single electorate.
This is called the 'Nexus'. It designed to prevent swamping of the senate's power in the case of a joint sitting see Section 57 below. The number of electorates in a State is to be based on its share of the national population.
Part IV of Chapter 1 says who can vote, who can be elected to the parliament, how much members can be paid, parliamentary rules and related matters. Part V of Chapter 1 is about the powers of the parliament. Section 51 deals with powers of the Commonwealth parliament and are called "specific powers".
There are "concurrent powers", as both the Commonwealth and States can make laws on these subjects. Federal law is more important if the laws are different Section Of the thirty-nine parts of section 51, a few have become very important in deciding how much power the Commonwealth government has in law.
Section 52 deals with powers that belong only to the Commonwealth parliament. States cannot make laws on these subjects. The Executive Government[ change change source ] Chapter II sets up the executive branch of government.
Executive power is to be exercised by the Governor-Generaladvised by the Federal Executive Council. The Governor-General is the commander in chief.
He or she may appoint and dismiss the members of the Executive Council, ministers of state, and all officers of the executive government. These powers, along with the powers to dissolve or refuse to dissolve parliament Section 5, Section 57are termed " reserve powers ".
The use of these powers is by convention. Generally, the Governor-General acts only on the advice of the Prime Minister.
There has been only one instance of the Governor-General not taking the Prime Minister's advice. Reserve powers in all Westminster nations are only extremely rarely exercised outside of the understood conventions. However, in contrast with the constitutions of other Commonwealth Realms such as Canada which formally grant extensive reserve powers to the Monarch, even the formal powers of the Queen of Australia are extremely limited, and most powers can only be used by the Governor-General.
Section 68 says that the Command in chief of Australia's naval and military forces as being:Was the Constitution Created to Protect People?
Lisa Vu U.S. History Period 4 Throughout the world, democracy seems to be a popular form of government because in this type of government, the people have power to . A portable fingerprint scanner is displayed at the Biometrics Conference and Exhibition at the Queen Elizabeth II Conference Centre. THE CONSTITUTION.
OF THE. STATE OF NEW YORK. As Revised, with Amendments adopted by the Constitutional Convention of and Approved by Vote of the People on November 8, The Constitution of the United States The Bill of Rights & All Amendments A highly accessible, easy to use online version full text transcript including the Bill of Rights and the rest of the Amendments with both sequential and subject indexes.
But that does not mean the Constitution’s Preamble lacks its own legal force. But the Preamble states basic values that should guide the understanding of the Constitution. First, it is created by “We the People.” It is the people who are sovereign. The Constitution is founded to protect individual freedom.
It is a society where. SECTION 2 SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND. The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the land.