One anomalous figure of the early period of modernism also deserves mention: Gerard Manley Hopkins wrote in a radically experimental prosody about radically conservative ideals not unlike a later Ezra Poundand he believed that sound could drive poetry. Specifically, poetic sonic effects selected for verbal and aural felicity, not just images selected for their visual evocativeness would also, therefore, become an influential poetic device of modernism.
Alfred Prufrock ," by T. Eliot English novelist Virginia Woolf declared that human nature underwent a fundamental change "on or about December Artists from all over the world converged on London, Paris, and other great cities of Europe to join in the ferment of new ideas and movements: Cubism, Constructivism, FuturismAcmeismand Imagism were among the most influential banners under which the new artists grouped themselves.
It was an era when major artists were fundamentally questioning and reinventing their art forms: The excitement, however, came to a terrible climax in with the start of the First World War, which wiped out a generation of young men in Europe, catapulted Russia into a catastrophic revolution, and sowed the seeds for even worse conflagrations in the decades to follow.
By the war's end inthe centuries-old European domination of the world had ended and the "American Century" had begun.
For artists and many others in Europe, it was a time of profound disillusion with the values on which a whole civilization had been founded.
But it was also a time when the avante-garde experiments that had preceded the war would, like the technological wonders of the airplane and the atom, inexorably establish a new dispensation, which we call modernism. Among the most instrumental of all artists in effecting this change were a handful of American poets.
Ezra Poundthe most aggressively modern of these poets, made "Make it new! In London Pound encountered and encouraged his fellow expatriate Eliot, who wrote what is arguably the most famous poem of the twentieth century—" The Waste Land "—using revolutionary techniques of composition, such as the collage.
Both poets turned to untraditional sources for inspiration: Pound to classical Chinese poetry and Eliot to the ironic poems of the 19th century French symbolist poet Jules Laforgue. Among the American poets who stayed at home, Wallace Stevens —a mild-mannered executive at a major insurance firm in Hartford, Connecticut—had a flair for the flashiest titles that poems have ever had: What was new in E.
Cummings was right on the surface, where all the words were in lowercase letters and a parenthesis " a leaf falls " may separate the "l" from "oneliness.
In succinct, often witty poems, he presents common objects or events—a red wheelbarrow, a person eating plums—with freshness and immediacy, enlarging our understanding of what a poem's subject matter can be.
Unlike Williams, Robert Frost favored traditional devices—blank verse, rhyme, narrative, the sonnet form—but he, too, had a genius for the American vernacular, and his pitiless depiction of a cruel natural universe marks him as a peculiarly modern figure who is sometimes misread as a genial Yankee sage.
Of the many modern poets who acted on the ambition to write a long poem capable of encompassing an entire era, Hart Crane was one of the more notably successful.
In his poem "The Bridge," the Brooklyn Bridge is both a symbol of the new world and a metaphor allowing the poet to cross into different periods, where he may shake hands in the past with Walt Whitman and watch as the train called the Twentieth Century races into the future.The Poetry of E.
E. Cummings, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
What was new in E. E. Cummings was right on the surface, where all the words were in lowercase letters and a parenthesis "(a leaf falls)" may separate the "l" from "oneliness." William Carlos Williams wrote in "plain American which cats and dogs can read," to use a phrase of Moore.
E.E - E.E. Cummings Annotated Bibliography introduction. Cummings Annotated Bibliography The bibliography assembled below offers a comprehensive introduction to the life and works of the poet E.E. Cummings.
Biographical details, such as Cummings’ early training in poetry and literature, Cummings’ service in World War One, and his . And it is no exaggeration to say that having a father like Edward Cummings -- physically strong and spiritually intrepid, a dominant presence in his home and his city -- helped to make E.E.
Cummings one of the eternally rebellious "sons" of modern American poetry. E.E. Cummings wrote a lot of erotic poetry especially during the time he was having an affair with the wife of one of his friends from Harvard.
This poem with its humor, sexual tension and playful words is perhaps the most famous among Cummings’ erotic poems. The audacious work can be viewed as a sensuous tribute to the mating rituals . At the time of his death in , E.
E. Cummings was, next to Robert Frost, the most widely read poet in America. Combining Thoreau's controlled belligerence with the brash abandon of an uninhibited bohemian, Cummings, together with Pound, Eliot, and William Carlos Williams, helped bring about the twentieth-century revolution in literary expression/5.