The Nursing Practice Act NPA includes the "administration of medications or treatments ordered by a physician, podiatrist or dentist" as part of the practice of nursing.
Aerospace medicine deals with medical problems related to flying and space travel. Addiction medicine deals with the treatment of addiction. Medical ethics deals with ethical and moral principles that apply values and judgments to the practice of medicine.
Biomedical Engineering is a field dealing with the application of engineering principles to medical practice. Clinical pharmacology is concerned with how systems of therapeutics interact with patients.
Conservation medicine studies the relationship between human and animal health, and environmental conditions.
Also known as ecological medicine, environmental medicineor medical geology. Disaster medicine deals with medical aspects of emergency preparedness, disaster mitigation and management. Diving medicine or hyperbaric medicine is the prevention and treatment of diving-related problems.
Evolutionary medicine is a perspective on medicine derived through applying evolutionary theory. Forensic medicine deals with medical questions in legal context, such as determination of the time and cause of death, type of weapon used to inflict trauma, reconstruction of the facial features using remains of deceased skull thus aiding identification.
Gender-based medicine studies the biological and physiological differences between the human sexes and how that affects differences in disease.
Hospice and Palliative Medicine is a relatively modern branch of clinical medicine that deals with pain and symptom relief and emotional support in patients with terminal illnesses including cancer and heart failure. Hospital medicine is the general medical care of hospitalized patients.
Physicians whose primary professional focus is hospital medicine are called hospitalists in the United States and Canada. Laser medicine involves the use of lasers in the diagnostics or treatment of various conditions. Medical humanities includes the humanities literaturephilosophyethicshistory and religionsocial science anthropologycultural studiespsychologysociologyand the arts literaturetheater, film, and visual arts and their application to medical education and practice.
Health informatics is a relatively recent field that deal with the application of computers and information technology to medicine. Nosology is the classification of diseases for various purposes.
Occupational medicine is the provision of health advice to organizations and individuals to ensure that the highest standards of health and safety at work can be achieved and maintained. Pain management also called pain medicineor algiatry is the medical discipline concerned with the relief of pain.
Pharmacogenomics is a form of individualized medicine. Podiatric medicine is the study of, diagnosis, and medical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle, lower limb, hip and lower back. Sexual medicine is concerned with diagnosing, assessing and treating all disorders related to sexuality.
Therapeutics is the field, more commonly referenced in earlier periods of history, of the various remedies that can be used to treat disease and promote health.
Tropical medicine deals with the prevention and treatment of tropical diseases. It is studied separately in temperate climates where those diseases are quite unfamiliar to medical practitioners and their local clinical needs.
Urgent care focuses on delivery of unscheduled, walk-in care outside of the hospital emergency department for injuries and illnesses that are not severe enough to require care in an emergency department.
In some jurisdictions this function is combined with the emergency department. Veterinary medicine ; veterinarians apply similar techniques as physicians to the care of animals.
Wilderness medicine entails the practice of medicine in the wild, where conventional medical facilities may not be available. Many other health science fields, e. Medical education and Medical license Medical students learning about stitches Medical education and training varies around the world.
It typically involves entry level education at a university medical schoolfollowed by a period of supervised practice or internshipor residency. This can be followed by postgraduate vocational training. A variety of teaching methods have been employed in medical education, still itself a focus of active research.
Since knowledge, techniques, and medical technology continue to evolve at a rapid rate, many regulatory authorities require continuing medical education. Medical practitioners upgrade their knowledge in various ways, including medical journalsseminars, conferences, and online programs.
A database of objectives covering medical knowledge, as suggested by national societies across the United States, can be searched at http: In general, this entails a medical degree from a university and accreditation by a medical board or an equivalent national organization, which may ask the applicant to pass exams.
This restricts the considerable legal authority of the medical profession to physicians that are trained and qualified by national standards. It is also intended as an assurance to patients and as a safeguard against charlatans that practice inadequate medicine for personal gain. While the laws generally require medical doctors to be trained in "evidence based", Western, or Hippocratic Medicine, they are not intended to discourage different paradigms of health.Pharmacists remain an important liaison between patients, caregivers, and other healthcare professionals.
The role of the pharmacist is to ensure patient safety, as well as to provide counseling to help lessen the risk of potential side effects. posted september 12, tarrant county, on behalf of the tarrant county hospital district, adopted a tax rate that will raise more taxes for maintenance and operations than last year’s tax rate.
Cytoxan - Clinical Pharmacology. Cyclophosphamide is biotransformed principally in the liver to active alkylating metabolites by a mixed function microsomal oxidase system.
Insulin (from Latin insula, island) is a peptide hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreatic islets; it is considered to be the main anabolic hormone of the body.
It regulates the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and protein by promoting the absorption of carbohydrates, especially glucose from the blood into liver, fat and skeletal muscle cells.
In these tissues the absorbed glucose is. Patients and physicians (and the rest of the world) have embraced digital tools for learning and connecting with one another; the pharmaceutical industry’s commercial and .
Impaired wound healing can significantly influence length of hospital stay, and the literature supports a strong correlation between nutrition and wound healing, wherein protein synthesis is necessary.
16 Hospitalized patients are at increased risk because loss of significant lean body mass (LBM) accelerates during bed rest, 18 A 10% .