Map showing disputed territories of India Border disputes resulted in a short border war between the People's Republic of China and India on 20 October It also occupied strategic points in the Aksai Chin and Demchok regions of Ladakhbefore declaring a unilateral cease-fire on 21 November. It claimed that it withdrew to twenty kilometers behind its contended line of control. India disagreed with the claim.
The United States and Pakistan had the sixth round of their strategic dialogue in Washington recently. Pakistan Strategic Dialogue Joint Statement issued after the talks details extensive ongoing cooperation in the fields of energy, trade, investment, education, and science and technology, and reiterates the commitment to continue it.
Overall, the statement, though strong on rhetoric was mixed on substance. It was essentially an aspirational statement. And given the complexities of the U.
Regardless of whether one labels the U. Yet it has not been a normal bilateral relationship. More often than not, the two countries have been allies on one issue while being antagonists on another. The United States lived with or tolerated the differences when there were overriding strategic interests.
But when these interests had been served, it resorted to sanctions, and Pakistan responded with its own devices. It is not just Pakistan that took advantage of the United States; Washington did too in equal measure.
In sum, they lost as much as they gained from the relationship. Click here to subscribe for full access. Over time, both the U. But times have changed. Since the September 11 attacks, the relationship has gotten entangled with the ongoing war in Afghanistan.
It is never easy to handle a war-related relationship, especially when that war has not been going well. This is even more so when there are multiple issues and stakeholders with competing interests and priorities.
This has affected public opinion as well as politics, preventing a coherent and workable policy towards the war in Afghanistan as well as U. As a consequence, Pakistan is seen as having undermined the war effort and the stabilization of Afghanistan.
Though Islamabad has been a good partner in the war on terrorism, it is being defined not by what it has done but by what it has failed to do.
A whole new industry of writings on Pakistan representing different interests has emerged in what often seems like a competition for negativity. This has caused recurring tensions and irritants in the relationship. Congress keeps talking about cutting off aid, while the White House keeps harping on the Haqqani network.
And among the chattering classes, the common refrain is that U. The fact is the bulk of the aid, the so called Coalition Support Fund, is not aid. Deployment of forces for combat costs money, as Washington knows from its own experience in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Should Pakistan expect no compensation for its work? The military campaign in Afghanistan lacked a political strategy. Furthermore, in the rush to war, there was little effort at comprehending the nature of the threat or the enemy.
Even at the outset, it was clear to close observers of the region that the Taliban were not going to fight; they were going to run away to Pakistan where they had a support. Was it difficult to understand? The lack of strategic context of the war, incoherent war aims, insufficient resources and poor execution soon undermined the war effort, especially as attention and resources shifted to the Iraq war.
And thereafter, the strategy would change every year, much like it continues to change even now. The United States, Afghanistan and Pakistan have all made mistakes. Afghans have to realize that despite the fact that Washington has contributed a great deal to create a new Afghanistan, they themselves have not played their role well.Lastly while de-hyphening the relations with India and Pakistan may be fine, the United States must recognize that it cannot advance its broader interests in South Asia without a South Asia strategy.
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The U.S. strategy has faltered out of the gate, thanks to a lack of coordination at home and in the region. Khan has a golden chance to right ties with India, Afghanistan, and the U.S. – if the.
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THE JOHN BIRCH SOCIETY. By Barbara Aho. Big Thanks to Barbara Aho, I modified her page with highlights and notes and further links. NOTE: Don't skip this page because it .