Updated by Kate Barrington Bullying is becoming an increasingly prevalent problem in modern public schools but how exactly does it affect a child's academic performance?
This review focuses upon studies that show a linkage between school bullying and harassment and how it effect school and student achievement.
A review of articles on bullying and how it affects school achievement discovered numerous studies which show an increase in scholastic achievement when bullying decreases in schools.
A study in the Journal of School Health found that there was a correlation between bullying and school grades, they reported that those students who were harassed, enjoyed school less, had lower grades and have a lower connectivity with the school.
As a result of bullying the students who are bullied tend to disassociate with their classmates and teachers. In an article by Batsche, D. Approaches to intervention with aggressive students and their victims fall into five general categories: In a later study reported in the American Journal of Psychiatry the authors found similar results in their study on bullying.
In the study one set of teacher at one school were trained to use intervention techniques to stop bullying and another school was used as a control group.
They stated that, Significant improvement in academic achievement and reduction in out-of-school suspensions and other serious infractions were associated with the experimental but not the control program.
Reports from school teachers suggested that many previously passive and withdrawn victimized children often became more verbal and outspoken as the program progressed.
The program reduced suspensions from a year to less than a dozen. California Department of Education,p. It also reported that the parental involvement should begin before their children start kindergarten. The article stated, In one of the only comprehensive studies of bullying among middle school students where schools were a unit of analysis, results suggest that schools with less bullying are characterized by positive disciplinary actions, strong parental involvement, and high academic standards Ma.
The article notes after-school programs, recreational centers, churches, libraries, etc. Schools should explore the implementation not only of programs that assist bullies and aid their victims but also of those that strengthen the positive relationships between teachers, bullies, victims and all the other students who also lose a sense of security and academic accomplishment as a result of being bystanders to bullying.
In addition, he writes that the intervention should also include the school-home-community. The program focuses attention on the interaction between the bully, victim and audience of bystanders who are seen as pivotal in either promoting or ameliorating violence.
CR From the research it is clear that a broad approach to end bullying is needed, that the focus cannot just be on the bully or just the school, but it must be focused on the whole community. That there has to be a wholesale intervention to bring about a change in culture that involves the community, parents, school administration, teachers and students in order to stop the bullying.
In addition, it must be an ongoing process and not just a onetime intervention. Retrieved November 16,from U. School Psychology Review23, pp. California Department of Education. Retrieved October 29,from Safe Schools: A Planning Guide for Action: Social, Emotional, Ethical, and Academic Education: Harvard Educational Review76 2.
Journal of School Healthpp. Reseach on School Bullying and Victimization: School Psychology Review32 3pp. Creating a peaceful school learning environment: Medical Science Monitorpp.
Canadian Journal of School Psychology25 1pp. Journal of Counseling and Development82 3pp. Creating a Peaceful School Learning Environment: Retrieved 10 29,from American Journal Psychiatry:Literature on school achievement and theories on motivation that may be applied to bullying in the school environment.
Literature on bullying, its definitions, identification of bully and victim, and types of bullying behaviors. Literature on the relationship of bullying and school achievement. This paper, contributes to the existing literature by analyzing the effect of the school level of bullying on student performance in the short and in the long term.
The Effects of Bullying on Academic Achievement desarro. soc.
no. Bullying and the Effects on School Achievement. By Diana L MSW Student Intern. True Colors Inc. Farmington Ave. Hartford, CT Phone: () Abstract. This document analyzes the effect of bullying on student performance in the short and in the long term.
The level of bullying is estimated from the answers of 9 th grade students in Saber test (), while student performance is measured both in Saber 9º test (short term) and Saber 11º, a standardized test answered by students two years later (long term).
Effects of Bullying Bullying can affect everyone—those who are bullied, those who bully, and those who witness bullying. Bullying is linked to many negative outcomes including impacts on mental health, substance use, and suicide. According to the Michigan Association of School Administrators, the effects of bullying extend far beyond the academic scope.
Students who are repeatedly bullied may experience physical symptoms like stomach pains, headaches, and trouble sleeping.