The financial services will be offered by financial institutions to micro-businesses, farmers, low-income population in urban areas, poor population, the disabled, and senior citizens. Under the new policy, full coverage of bank and insurance services will be accomplished in rural areas, and financial support will be improved for low-income population in urban areas, the poor, farmer entrepreneurs, college student entrepreneurs, and the disabled. According to the circular, the coverage rate for farmer households that take part in agricultural insurance will be raised to above 95 percent.
Measured in total assets, its size surpassed that of the US banking system inand even all euro area banking systems put together in the last quarter of see Figure 1.
Behind the very fast growth in domestic assets, as highlighted in IMFthere is a lending boom that resulted from among other things a focus on hitting GDP growth targets and protecting employment while China is transitioning from a high-growth economic model based on exports and investment to one based on services and consumption.
Figure 2 Total assets of banks in China, by portfolio type Source: To deal with the issue that Russia and China were included simultaneously in the dataset, we exclude in the rest of the analysis former Soviet Union countries, Cyprus, and Malta the last two being offshore financial centerswhich together account for around half of the total claims by Russian banks.
Hong Kong, Laos, Congo, and Djibouti. What can explain the banking relationships? Gross trade is defined as gross exports plus gross imports. Overall, no relationship between trade and banking linkages with China is apparent.
For a significant number of African and emerging and developing Asian countries, Chinese banks seem to be the major lenders, even though China has not yet established itself as a major trade partner with these countries.
Indeed, the amount of cumulative FDI tends to be large when China has a large bilateral exposure on cross-border lending. Outliers are excluded to facilitate visualisation. A better understanding of Chinese banking claims might also help to explain other phenomena — for example, the current low incidence of emerging market and developing country sovereign defaults despite heavy recent external borrowing could be partly associated with mismeasurement e.
Carmen Reinhart raised this issue recently Reinhart The views expressed herein are those of the authors and should not be attributed to the IMF, its Executive Board, or its management. Endnotes  Following the traditional locational definition, throughout this column the reference to the Chinese banking system corresponds to banks operating from mainland China, independently of the nationality of their owners.
Having said this, a large majority of the Chinese banking system is domestically owned. The mainland affiliates of foreign-controlled banks owned only about 1. In this context, and given that China is not an offshore centre, the identified claims from Chinese banks do not represent important indirect claims from other banking systems, especially in the case of emerging and developing countries.size and structure of the Chinese banking system and the key characteristics of banking activity in China.
The regulatory and institutional . The book begins with an economic history of the mono-banking system, and a critical discussion of reforms taken by the government in preparation for China’s entry to the WTO.
The second part of the book discusses banking regulation and government policy during and after the global financial crisis in and their impact on banking. The Chinese banking system is in the midst of a generational program of reform as it transitions to be more open to and supportive of the emergence of China into the global economic system after.
Sep 21, · China's Banking System Won't Collapse, Former Bank Director Says who wrote "China’s Banking Transformation: The Untold Story," a book of lessons gleaned from inside the nation’s banking.
China’s financial sector today is unrecognizable from the socialist mono-banking system that prevailed before Today, China’s financial sector is much closer to what is needed for a market economy.
Sep 21, · Foreigners predicting doom for China’s banks have got it all wrong, according to James Stent, who spent more than a decade serving on the boards of two Chinese lenders.