The research conducted within the SU node spans basic to translational and clinical research, largely focused on Tuberculosis TB and on the quality training of students. Various research teams form this node, each with its own research niche. The University of the Witwatersrand Wits node of the CBTBR is at the forefront of fundamental research in mycobacterial metabolism that is aimed at identifying, validating and characterizing novel drug targets and vaccine candidates for TB.
Zambia National Public Health Institute, 3.
Ministry of Health 4. Nelia Langa, nmulambya gmail. Health Press Zambia Bull. Tungiasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by infestation by the female sand flea Tunga penetrans. Primary reservoirs include livestock such as pigs, goats and cattle.
Infection occurs when skin comes into with fleas in soil of floor. The flea burrows in the epidermis of the skin causing local itching and irritation.
An outbreak of tungiasis was reported in Njelemani area, Masaiti district of Copperbelt province in October We investigated to determine the magnitude and geographic spread of the outbreak, and conducted epidemiologic and clinical assessment of cases in the affected communities.
We reviewed records and conducted active case search. We calculated attack rates by using population estimates from central statistical office census. We interviewed a convenient sample of case-patients using a structured questionnaire and collected data on demographics, tungiasis symptoms, location of lesions and hygiene practices.
In addition, eggs and fleas were collected from patients and the environment for microscopic examination. Descriptive analyses were performed using Epi info 7. Laboratory investigations revealed the presence of T.
Interventions aimed at raising awareness, promoting regular use of footwear, hygiene and maintenance of housing floors remains essential in controlling and preventing tungiasis.
Furthermore, we recommend strengthening collaboration between the Ministries of Health and Livestock and Veterinary services since tungiasis affects both humans and animals.
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The flea burrows in the epidermis of the skin. While in the epidermis, the flea increases in body volume causing local itching and irritation. Tungiasis is a zoonosis affecting both humans and animals. Reservoirs for human infection are predominantly pigs and bovines; but may include dogs, cats and rats in resource-poor urban communities  .Blood collection devices, automated systems to detect and identify bacteria and blood cell analysis systems were one of the few diagnostic products that Becton Dickinson produced.
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